Seventh Day Adventists tell us that Daniel chapters 8 and 9 were foretelling an advent that would take place in the year 1844.


Dear reader, are you now asking yourself, “What really happened at the end of the 2300 days”? The question is readily available to any honest reader; let’s quickly review the eighth chapter of Daniel. In the vision of Daniel 8 we are told that the Ram represented the Kingdom of Persia, the Goat the Kingdom of Greece; each horn represents a king (Daniel 8:20-21). Always remember that Beasts represent Kingdoms (Daniel 7:23) and horns represent kings (Revelation 17:12) in prophecy. Now we will continue: At the death of the first King of Greece, which was Alexander the Great; the Kingdom of Greece was divided into four parts.  Alexander’s four top generals divided the kingdom. One of these four generals, Ptolemy, began a dynasty in Egypt(South); and Seleucus did the same in Syria(North).  Lycemicus took over Asia Minor (east) and Cassander took Greece(West).

Now another character comes to view in the vision, a little horn rises out of one of the four horns or kings;

Daniel 8:9  And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

Please notice that this horn represents a king, who is a descendant of (came out of) one of the first four kings, there is no new kingdom introduced here. Beasts represent kingdoms and horns kings. The teacher of the 1844 doctrine says ‘the horn came from the four winds’, but the text does not support this! Neither does the explanation given to Daniel by the angel. This horn came up out of the divided kingdom during the later years of the Greek Kingdom, not after the Kingdom of Greece..

Daniel 8:23  And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

We are then told that this ‘horn’ would fight against God’s people, cause the sacrifices to cease, and make a wreck of the holy place or temple.

Daniel 8:11-12  It made itself great, even as great as the lord of the army; and by it the regular burned offering was taken away, and the place overturned and the holy place made waste. against the regular burned offering; and…crushed down to the earth, and it did its pleasure and things went well for it. (BBE)

Then we have a very important question.

Daniel 8:13  And I heard one saint speaking, and a saint said to a certain one speaking, How long shall the vision continue, even the removal of the sacrifice, and the bringing in of the sin of desolation; and how long shall the sanctuary and host be trampled? LXX

What is the question dear reader? The Saint wanted to know, how long would this ‘horn’ be permitted to remove the sacrifices and trample underfoot the sanctuary. And this is the question that provoked the following answer.

Daniel 8:14  And he said unto me, Until two thousand and three hundred evenings and mornings: then shall the sanctuary be vindicated. (BBE)

Thus the answer is; there would be a cessation of 2300 ‘evening and morning’, which the original Hebrew states, and then the Sanctuary would be vindicated from the ‘trampling’ of this horn. The fact that the term ‘days’ in this verse really is ‘evening morning’ is seen in verse 27. The evening and morning here mentioned were the two ‘continual’ daily sacrifices that were performed at the temple; which this little horn would cause to cease.

1 Chronicles 16:40  To offer burnt offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which he commanded Israel; (Also see Exodus 29:39, Numbers 28:4 ) 

The term that is translated ‘vindicated’ in the BBE and Cleansed in the AKJV of the bible is “tsadaq” and it is in the Niphal tense, and it means to be made right.

Thus the abominable work of the ‘horn’ would corrupt 2300 daily sacrifices or the space of 1150 days then the temple would be restored. This is the plain interpretation of this vision.

What problems are then found with the 1844 interpretation?

Those who believe 1844 was the year the ‘2300 days’ ended tell us the little horn is Rome. But the little horn is not Rome, for this little horn came out of one of the four provinces of Greece. Rome rose separately from the Grecian Empire; also note in this vision no other beast (Kingdom) was introduced, the whole vision begins with the reign of the Ram and ends during the reign of the Goat; for the little horn operates in the latter days of the Grecian Empire (Daniel 8:23).

Secondly, Those who teach that the ‘Day of Atonement’ occurred in 1844 make several mistakes with Daniel 8:13-14. First the Sanctuary is defiled in this chapter by the acts of the little horn for 2300 evening and morning sacrifices and not by the confessed sins of God’s people. The term “Sanctuary… cleansed” actually means the Sanctuary would be made right or vindicated. It has absolutely nothing to do with the Day of Atonement, where the Sanctuary was symbolically ‘purged’ from sin.  The Hebrew word that is used in reference of ‘cleansing from sin’ is khaw-taw and it is not used once in chapter 8 of Daniel.

Also the term translated ‘days’ in the King James Version is seen to actually read “Evening and Morning”. There is no biblical reason to apply the ‘day for a year’ principal to this phrase. There is nowhere in the holy writ where the principle is applied to such a phrase. The “evening and morning” is used in reference to the total number of the daily sacrifices that would be marred by the work of the little horn (See 1st Chronicles 16:40). Thus the sanctuary would be defiled for 1150 days.

Fourthly, those who promote the error of 1844 tell us that the 2300 days began in 457 BC; yet they tell us the little horn is Rome or more specifically the papacy. I ask how could Rome who did not come in contact with God’s people until 63 BC cause the sacrifices to cease and trample down the Holy Temple 400 years before? How could the Papacy, who received their power no earlier than 321 AD be credited with causing the sacrifices to cease 800 years before?


We are told that the ‘little horn’ would arise from one of the divisions of the Greek Empire. His conquest would be to the south, to the east and to the pleasant land, or as the Arabic reads, to the west. Thus the little horn or king had to come from the northern division, which is Syria.

Some suggest that we must look for a King that was greater than Alexander to find the true little horn, for the bible says he ‘waxed exceeding great’, where as Alexander was simply called ‘great’. But this is not the necessary reading of the scriptures, please note the Young’s Literal Translation.

Daniel 8:9-10  And from the one of them come forth… a little horn, and it exerteth itself greatly toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the beauteous land;

And also we offer the Douay Rheims translation:
Daniel 8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn: and it became great against the south, and against the east, and against the strength.

  Thus we see that this horn was little, but it used all of its power to fight against these three. So we now look for a ‘king’ of Syria, who in the later days of the Greek Empire fought against Egypt to the south, against Persia to the East, and against Israel; who also interrupted the sanctuary services causing the sacrifices to cease. Does history tell us of such a person?

History tells us of such a person by the name of Antiochus Epiphanes, who sprung from the kingdom of the Seleucidae in Syria, or from Seleucus king of Syria, one of the four horns before mentioned. The Apocryphal book of the bible called the Maccabees gives us great detail of this evil man.  

  “And there came out of them a wicked root Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty and seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.”(1 Maccabees 1:10)

Did he wax great toward the south (Egypt)? “Wherefore he entered into Egypt with a great multitude, with chariots, and elephants, and horsemen, and a great navy, And made war against Ptolemee king of Egypt,”(1 Maccabees 1:17-18)

Did he toward Persia?
“Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in his mind, he determined to go into Persia, there to take the tributes of the countries, and to gather much money.” (1 Maccabees 3:31)

Did he enter Israel? 1 Maccabees 1:20  “Antiochus… in the one hundred and forty-third year. He went up against Israel and came to Jerusalem with a strong force.

Yes indeed, history tells us that Antiochus raged against the elect of God, and tread upon his precious stars (his religious leaders See I Maccabees 1:25,  I Maccabees 2:35, etc). He even made himself ‘GOD’ by declaring himself “God Manifest”.

Did Antiochus defile the sanctuary? 1st Maccabees 1:21, 37, 39  “He arrogantly entered the sanctuary and took the golden altar, the lampstand for the light, and all its utensils...  On every side of the sanctuary they shed innocent blood; they even defiled the sanctuary… Her sanctuary became desolate as a desert”

1st Maccabees 1:46-47  “to defile the sanctuary and the priests {he had them} to build altars and sacred precincts and shrines for idols, to sacrifice swine and unclean animals”

The little horn “Antiochus” did all that he could to abolish the true religion and godliness; he cut in pieces the copies of the book of the law, and burnt them and he put to death any one who had a copy of the bible or professed the truth.  (1st Maccabees 1:56-57).

How long did this defiling of God’s Sanctuary last? Daniel 8:14  And he said unto me, Until two thousand and three hundred evenings and mornings: then shall the sanctuary be vindicated. (BBE)

The Sanctuary is defiled for 2300 evening and morning sacrifices, which is equal 1150 days and then the Sanctuary would be vindicated from the ‘trampling’ of this horn, says the prophecy.

Did Antiochus fulfill this prophecy? Yes indeed. On approximately the 15th Day of Tishri (7th Jewish month), of the year of one hundred and forty-five of the Greek Kingdom (167 BC); Antiochus sent out letters forbidding the sacrifices in the Sanctuary of GOD.

1 Maccabees 1:44-45  And the king sent letters by messengers to Jerusalem and the cities of Judah; he directed them to follow customs strange to the land, to forbid burnt offerings and sacrifices and drink offerings in the sanctuary, to profane sabbaths and feasts,

About two months later he placed an altar to Zeus upon the Lord’s Altar, making it desolate.

1 Maccabees 1:54  Now on the fifteenth day of Chislev, in the one hundred and forty-fifth year, they erected a desolating sacrilege upon the altar of burnt offering. They also built altars in the surrounding cities of Judah,

If we count 1150 days from the approximate time of the letter forbidding the sacrificial offerings, it would reach to the 25th day of Chislev (the 9th Jewish month) in the year 148 of the Greeks (164 BC). Upon this day the Jews offered sacrifice once more in the CLEANSED house of GOD.

   ““Then Judas appointed certain men to fight against those that were in the fortress, until he had cleansed the sanctuary. So he chose priests of blameless conversation, such as had pleasure in the law: Who cleansed the sanctuary, and bare out the defiled stones into an unclean place… Now on the five and twentieth day of the ninth month, which is called the month Casleu (Chislev), in the hundred forty and eighth year, they rose up betimes in the morning,    And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of burnt offerings, which they had made. ”(1 Maccabees 4:41-53)

The Jews commemorate the triumph of Judas with an annual feast called the Feast of Dedication (or Hanukkah). The Savior honored this feast by His presence (John 10:22).

The Sanctuary was "cleansed" by Judas Maccabeus when he purified the holy places, sanctified the courts, rebuilt the altar, renewed the vessels of the sanctuary, put all in their proper places and offered a new the daily sacrifice: Thus we can see a stunning fulfillment of prophecy as Judas Maccabeus cleansed and vindicated the sanctuary of God at the end of a 1150-day period.

Dear reader this is the biblical and historical interpretation of this chapter; as you can see, those who place the ending of the 2300 ‘days’ in 1844 do so with out reason, and the false interpretation mars the Atoning Work of Jesus Christ in minds of its believers, yet this doctrine is the central pillar and foundation of the Adventist Faith.

Now we turn our attention to Daniel chapter 9, and we ask:


The Seventh Day Adventists who hold to the 1844 doctrine teach that Daniel 9 provides the starting date for the 2300-day prophecy of the previous chapter. They tell us that the Angel Gabriel returned to Daniel over a decade after the ‘evening morning’ vision to make it clear to him, and thus providing the place in history to begin the 2300-day count, this is their third and final link.

Was Daniel in need of a ‘starting date’ dear reader? The vision concerning the 2300 days provides its own starting date, it begins when the sacrifices are caused to cease by the work of the Greek little horn. But for now let’s look and see if Daniel 9’s vision of weeks, is associated with Daniel 8’s ‘morning evening’ vision.

After praying for his people concerning their captivity Daniel is visited by an Angel.

Daniel 9:21-23
Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation. And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding. At the beginning of thy supplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatly beloved: therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.

Clearly the angel was sent as a response to Daniel’s prayer, we have the prayer before us in the previous verses of this chapter; do you see Daniel praying about the 2300-day vision? No, he is concerned with his people, and the state of the holy city Jerusalem. Yet the 1844 believer tells us that Gabriel has come to clear up in the mind of Daniel the 2300 day vision, for he wants “the vision to be clear”.

Then the question must be, what vision does he want to make clear for Daniel? Is it the vision he had had over 10 years prior which is not mentioned in his prayer, or is it the following vision that answers his prayers and explains that the city would be restored? The very next verse answers the question.

Daniel 9:24 "Seventy weeks are determined concerning thy people and concerning thy holy city to finish the transgression and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy. (KJ21)

Here is the answer to his prayers, here is the vision that explains that the city would indeed be built, and the Jews would have 490 years to put an end to their sins. Yet the 1844 advocate will say this verse tells us the 490 years are “cut off” from the 2300-day prophecy. How do they come to such a conclusion? They say the word “determined” means to cut off, thus 490 years are cut off of the 2300-day prophecy.

But dear reader this is not the meaning of “determined” at all, they jump to this conclusion because the ‘strong’s concordance’ lists ‘cut off’ as one definition for the Hebrew term ‘chathak’. Yet in truth this word in this verb tense has a very plain meaning. ‘chathak’ in the Niphal tense means: to be determined, be decreed, be settled, be marked out. Notice the following translations of this verse.

Daniel 9:24  Seventy weeks have been fixed for your people and your holy town (BBE)
Daniel 9:24  Seventy weeks are decreed upon thy people and upon thy holy city (JPS)
Daniel 9:24  "Seventy weeks of years are decreed concerning your people and your holy city (RSV)

Clearly this verse is not trying to tell us that these weeks were ‘CUT OFF’ from another number, but rather that GOD had determined the Jews would have 490 years to rebuild their city and to anoint the Messiah. Isn’t this the clear reading of the text? Thus the third link is broken, the chain of Adventism is prove to be a figment of Ellen White’s imagination.

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