To understand the subject of Death better I would suggest that the person study the terms used and apply the biblical definition to them. Here is a list of words that deal with the subject; and we define them with the bible.

Soul {psuche in greek}-(5590 Strongs), Breathe. Also translated as Heart, life, and mind.

In the New Testament –Psuche- is translated HEART/HEARTILY in Ephesians 6:6, Colossians 3:23.

In the New Testament- Psuche- is translated MIND in Philippians 1:27, Acts 14:2, Hebrew 12:3.

In the New Testament –Psuche- is translated LIFE in Matthew 2:20, 6:25, 10:39, 20:28

Matthew 16:25 For whosoever will save his life (psuche) shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life (psuche) for my sake shall find it. (26) For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul (psuche)? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul (psuche)? (27) For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.

Mark 3:4, 8:35, 10:45 Luke 6:9, 9:24, 12:22, 12:23, 14:26, 17:33

John 10:11, 10:15, 10:17,12:25, 13:37, 13:38,15:13,

Acts 20:10, 20:24, 27:22, Romans 11:3, 16:4, Philippians 2:30, 1st John 3:16, Revelation 8:9

Soul {nephesh in Hebrew} (5315 Strongs)  Breathing. Also translated as Life, mind, heart, man, etc…

In the Torah (first five books of the Old Testament)–Nephesh is translated as LIFE in the following.

Genesis 9:4, 9:5, 19:17, 19:19, 32:30, 44:30,
Exodus 4:19, 21:23, 21:30,  Leviticus 17:11, 17:14, Numbers 35:31, Deuteronomy 12:23, 19:21, 24:6

In the Torah -Nephesh is translated as MIND in the following: Genesis 23:8, Deuteronomy 18:6, 28:65

Revelation 16:3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living SOUL DIED in the sea.
Ezekiel 18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the SOUL that sinneth, it shall DIE.
James 5:20 Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall SAVE A SOUL from DEATH, and shall hide a multitude of sins.

Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology {Fragmented}

SOUL Nepes [v,p,n] in the Old Testament is never the "immortal soul" but simply the life principle or living being. Such is observable in Genesis 1:20, 21, 24, where the qualified (living) nepes [v,p,n] refers to animals and is rendered "living creatures." The same Hebrew term is then applied to the creation of humankind in Genesis 2:7, where dust is vitalized by the breath of God and becomes a "living being." Thus, human being shares ‘soul’ with the animals. It is the breath of God that makes the lifeless dust a "living being"—person.

Clearly, then, in the Old Testament a mortal is a living soul rather than having a soul. Instead of splitting a person into two or three parts, Hebrew thought sees a unified being, but one that is profoundly complex, a psychophysical being. The New Testament. The counterpart to nepes [v,p,n] in the New Testament is psyche [yuchv]  This word has a range of meanings similar to nepes [v,p,n]. It frequently designates life: one can risk his life (John 13:37; Acts 15:26; Rom 16:4; Php 2:30), give his life (Matt 20:28), lay down his life (John 10:15,17-18), forfeit his life (Matt 16:26), hate his life (Luke 14:26), and have his life demanded of him (Luke 12:20

Hell- Sheol in the Hebrew Old Testament {7585 Strong’s}. Sheol is also translated as Grave and the Pit.

Sheol is translated as the ‘GRAVE’ in the following: Genesis 37:35, 42:38, 44:29, 44:31, 1st Samuel 2:6, 1st Kings 2:6, 2:9, Job 7:9, 14:13, 21:13,

Job 17:13 If I wait, the grave (sheol) is mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness. (14) I have said to corruption, Thou art my father: to the worm, Thou art my mother and sister. (15) And where is now my hope? As for my hope, who shall see it? (16) They shall go down to the bars of the pit (sheol), when our rest together is in the dust.

Job 24:19 Drought and heat consume the snow waters: so doth the grave (Sheol) those which have sinned. (20) The womb shall forget him; the worm shall feed sweetly on him; he shall be no remembered; and wickedness shall be broken as a tree.

Psalms 6:5 For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave (sheol) who shall give thee thanks?

Psalms 30:3 O Lord, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave (Sheol); thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.

Psalms 31:17, 88:3-5, 89:48 Proverbs 1:12, 30:16, Songs of Solomon 8:6. Isaiah 38:10, 38:18, Ezekiel 31:15, Hosea 13:14,

Psalms 49:14 Like sheep they are laid in the grave (Sheol); death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave (Sheol) from their dwelling. (15) But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave (Sheol): for he shall receive me.

Ecclesiastes 9:10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with they might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave (Sheol), whither thou goest.

Isaiah 14:11 Thy pomp is brought down to the grave (Sheol), and the noise of thy viols; the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.

Sheol translated as PIT in the Old Testament

Numbers 16:30 But if the Lord make a new thing, and the earth open her mouth, and swallow them up, with all that appertain unto them, and they go down quick in the pit (Sheol); then ye shall understand that these men have provoked the Lord.

Numbers 16:33 They, and all that appertained to them, went down alive into the pit (Sheol) and the earth closed upon them; and they perished from among the congregation.

Smith's Bible Dictionary  {Fragmented}

HELL-In the Old Testament this is the word generally and unfortunately used by our translators to render the Hebrew Sheol . It really means the place of the dead. It is clear that in many passages of the Old Testament Sheol can only mean "the grave". In the New Testament "hell" is the translation of two words, Hades and Gehenna. The word Hades, like Sheol,, means merely "the grave," (Acts 2:31; 1 Corinthians 15:55; Revelation 20:13) or in general "the unseen world." It is in this sense that the creeds say of our Lord, "He went down into hell," meaning the state of the dead in general, without any restriction of happiness or misery. It (Hades) is used eleven times in the New Testament, (but) only once (is it) translated "grave" (1 Corinthians 15:55). The word most frequently used (occurring twelve times) in the New Testament for the place of future punishment is Gehenna or Gehenna of fire. This was originally the valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, where the filth and dead animals of the city were cast out and burned; a fit symbol of the wicked and their destruction.

Hell- New Testament- translation of two different Greek words: Hades and Gehenna. Hades is the Grave, Gehenna is the Lake of Fire.

Hades (Which has the same meaning as the Hebrew word ‘Sheol’) is found eleven times in the New Testament.

Matthew 11:23, 16:18, Luke 10:15,

Luke 16:22 the rich man also died and was BURIED; (23) and in ‘hell’ (THE GRAVE) he lift up his eyes being in torments.

AFTER the rich man’s burial, he opens his eyes in ‘hell’, which is translated from the greek word hades, which means THE GRAVE. This is symbolic of the wicked being awakened from their sleep at the second resurrection And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to everlasting contempt (Daniel 12:2).

Acts 2:27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (the Grave), neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption (also see Psalms 16:10). This next passage makes it rather clear that ‘Hades’ is only the grave. For Peter tells us that the writer of this passage, David is still in Hell (Hades- The Grave).

Acts 2:29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is BOTH DEAD and BURIED, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.

Then Peter goes on to tell us that David was actually referring to Christ, who was resurrected.
Acts 2:31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ that his soul was not left in hell (the GRAVE), neither did his flesh see corruption.

We also see that it is not until the Christians are glorified at the resurrection, that they receive the victory over the grave (hades).{see 1st Corinthians 15:42-58}

1st Corinthians 15:54 So when this corruptible shall have put incorruption, and this mortal shall put on immortality, THEN shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in the victory (55) O death, where is thy sting? O grave (Hades), where is thy victory?

Also notice in verse 45, it tells us that the first Adam was made a living soul. It goes on to describe the first Adam (the living soul) as earthy, corruptible, and mortal. At the same time it contrasts that with the last Adam (Jesus) who became a quickening SPIRIT when he was glorified at his resurrection. The last Adam (quickening Spirit) is heavenly, incorruptible, and immortal. Again Paul is pointing to the Resurrection as being the hope of the believer. For it is at the resurrection that this Mortal Soul will be changed into an immortal Spirit.

In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump; for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible and we shall be CHANGED. (1st Corinthians 15:52) 

Philippians 3:20 For our conversation is in heaven; from whence also we look for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ: (21) Who shall CHANGE our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.

Hell (hades-The Grave) is also mentioned in Revelation 1:18, 6:8, 20:13, 20:14.

Spirit {ruwach- Hebrew} or {pneuama- Greek} Breath,  a current of air, wind.

Ruwach and pneuama are usually translated into the English words breath and spirit. The word ‘spirit’ most often refers to the life giving ‘breath’ of God, or to the Holy Ghost, which proceeds from God. The term Spirit is also used in describing a supernatural entity, As in Angels and Demons. Though man has a spirit IN him (Job 32:8), he is not considered a ‘Spirit’, but is a living soul.

And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed INTO his nostrils the breath (Spirit) of life; and man became a living soul. (Genesis 2:7)

As before stated, it is clear, that a mortal is a living soul. When the breath (Spirit) of God vitalizes dust it becomes a "living being." Man and animal are both partakers of the ‘breath of life’.

Genesis 6:17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die. (also see Genesis 7:21-22)

Job 33:4 The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.
Job 27:3 All the while my breath is in me, and the spirit of God is in my nostrils.

Ecclesiastes 3:19 For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all ONE breath (ruwach-Spirit); so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast for all is vanity. (20) All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again. (21) Who knoweth the spirit (Ruwach) of man that goeth upward, and the spirit (Ruwach) of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?

When God removes HIS spirit the ‘living’ returns to the dust.
Job 34:14 If he (God) set his heart upon man if he gather unto himself HIS spirit and HIS breath (15) All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto the dust.
Ecclesiastes 12:7 Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return to God who gave it.

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