|WHY AREN’T CHRISTIANS CONDEMNED FOR BREAKING THE SABBATH?
We believe the Old Testament laws governing Sabbath observances are ceremonial, not moral, aspects of the law. That they were only binding upon those who were under the Old Covenant, and therefore Christians are not required to observe them. Here are Twelve Facts about this:
#1. The Sabbath was the sign to Israel of the Mosaic Covenant (Exodus 31:16-17; Ezekiel 20:12; Nehemiah 9:14). Since we are now under the New Covenant (Hebrews 8), we are no longer required to observe the sign of the Mosaic Covenant.
#2. In Colossians 2:16-17, Paul explicitly refers to the Sabbath as a shadow of Christ, which is no longer binding since the substance (Christ) has come. It is quite clear in those verses that the weekly Sabbath is in view. The phrase "a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day" refers to the annual, monthly, and weekly holy days of the Jewish calendar (cf. 1 Chronicles 23:31; 2 Chronicles 2:4; 31:3; Ezekiel 45:17; Hosea 2:11). If Paul were referring to special ceremonial dates of rest in that passage, why would he have used the word "Sabbath?" He had already mentioned the ceremonial dates when he spoke of festivals and new moons.
#3. The New Testament never commands Christians to observe the Sabbath. Or condemns them for breaking it.
#4. According to the Bible the ‘Law’ only speaks to them that are under it [Romans 3:19] And Christians are not under the law [Galatians 3:24-26, Romans 6:14].
#5. Nowhere in the Old Testament are the Gentile nations commanded to observe the Sabbath or condemned for failing to do so. That is certainly strange if Sabbath observance were meant to be an eternal moral principle.
#6. There is no evidence in the Bible of anyone keeping the Sabbath before the time of Moses, nor are there any commands in the Bible to keep the Sabbath before the giving of the law at Mt. Sinai [Exodus 16].
#7. When the Apostles met at the Jerusalem council (Acts 15), they did not impose Sabbath keeping on the Gentile believers.
#8. The apostle Paul warned the Gentiles about many different sins in his epistles, but breaking the Sabbath was never one of them.
#9. In Galatians 4:10-11, Paul rebukes the Galatians for thinking God required them to observe the days set aside in the Old Covenant (including the Sabbath).
#10 In Romans 14:5, Paul forbids those who observed one day of the week above the others to condemn those who treated every day alike.
#11. Every day to the believer is one of Sabbath rest, since we have ceased from our spiritual labor and are resting in the salvation of the Lord (Hebrews 4:9-11).
#12 Sunday has not replaced Saturday as the Sabbath. Rather Sunday is a holiday that some believers set aside to commemorate Christ’s resurrection, which occurred on the first day of the week.
| "Come out her my people" -- Jesus Christ